The Roman Republic officially began after the overthrow of the Roman Monarchy in 510 BC and lasted for over 450 years, until its subversion which then, signaled the birth of the Roman Empire.

We’ve particularly mentioned the Roman Empire here because it is commonly confused to be the same with the Roman Republic. Just like what we’ve said, both of them are phases of ancient Roman Civilization but they’re 360-degrees different from each other in terms of government practice and religion.

Roman Republic

The Roman Republican Era began when the last Roman king was overthrown by Lucius Junius Brutus in 509 BC. The result of this overthrow was the a drastic change in Rome’s constitution. The Roman Republic was then governed by a complex constitution that was heavily influenced by the struggle between the aristocracy and the average Roman. The newly established Republic of Rome and its constitution was ruled by the Senate and its assembly which were put in place as far back as the beginning of the monarchy.

What really put the Roman Republic in the limelights of history is their war supremacy in central Europe during the BC eras. During these times, Rome got involved in the Samnite Wars (like what we’ve discussed in our earlier articles) and Punic Wars. The Republic was also the one responsible for Macedon’s 4-time-in-a-row losses during the Macedonian wars.

Roman Republic

It was also during the Roman Republic Era that Rome began to expand its territory from central Italy to the entire Mediterranean. However, its republican ambitions of territory expansion had greatly shrunk to the desire for little more than petty theft, and as the result, the republic suffered seriously from a lack of economic growth.